The Principles of Classification Essays

The Principles of Classification Essays

Classification is one of the patterns of exposition. There are some principles in writing classification essays.

  1. The principles of classification

    • One principle is applied at each level of classification

    • The member of the categories should not be overlap

    • It should be complete

  2. Organizing the classification essay

    • Introductory paragraph

    • At least one developmental paragraphs for each category

    • Concluding paragraph

  3. Strategies for coherence

    • The use of transitions

    • The use of articles

    • The use of key words


    Classification Essays and Other Writing Strategies

    Classification essays are a combination of two or more writing strategies. The most common combinations are examples and comparison and contrast.

    Transition words can be very helpful in developing classification essays. They can be used to introduce examples, or to show the contrast between two or more categories.

    A process analysis essay is the form of expository writing in which the writer explains a process to the readers. The process that the writer presents consists of steps or procedures that are arranged in chronological order. This order is the same as the order found in narration.

    The process analysis essay explains how to do something or how something is made. The writer explains or describes the readers the steps or the procedures that should be followed to recreate the similar result. Therefore, the writer has to present every step clearly so that the readers do not make any mistakes in performing the tasks.

    Organizing the Process Analysis

    Process or process analysis is the form of expository writing in which the writer demonstrates or instructs a process to the readers. For example, how to make gado-gado, or how to make a pan cake. In process writing, the writer may only describes the process but does not want or insist the readers to follow the instruction. This type of process is called an explanatory process essay. However, when the writer wishes the readers to do something, he instructs the readers to do it. This type of process is called an instructional process. However, in both cases, a step-by-step analysis of the procedure is necessary.

    There are three types of a cause and effect relationship that we ecounter in our everyday life. These are a single cause that leads to a single effect, a single cause that results in multiple effects, and multiple couses that lead to a single effect.


    The Signal Words and Expressions Used in Cause and Effect Essay

    Cause and effect relationship essays are usually indicated by the use of signal words or expressions. The words or expressions that indicate causes are: due to, because, since, if, owing to, as a result of, caused by, because of. While the words or expressions used to indicate effects are: as a result, consequently, for this reason, so, therefore, thus, causes, leads to.

Introduction to argumentative writing

    • State your opinion, belief, or point of view

    • List all possible reasons to support your opinion, belief, or point of view (logical or emotional)

    • Think of your (possible) opponent’s point of view

    • Think of why your point of view is better than your opponent’s point of view

    • Organize the information (1–4 above) into a clear, concise essay

    • Think of the persuasion vocabulary terms you might want to use in your essay

    • Write the first draft of your argumentative essay

    • Ask your friend(s) to read your first draft and to give comments on it

    • Revise the first draft (Repeat step 8 if necessary)

  1. An argumentative essay is an essay in which the writer presents his belief, his opinion, or his position and supports his belief, opinion or position with reasons or evidence.


    Types of Argumentative Essays

    An argumentative essay writer may convince his position, belief, or opinion using logical persuasion or emotional persuasion. With logical persuasion, the writer uses evidence that is believable and has strong reasoning. With emotional persuasion, the writer uses dramatic experiences of his own or from others that can deeply touch the readers’ feeling (of disgust, anger, fear, compassion, excitement, or pity).


    Stating Opposing Arguments

    An argumentative essay may sound more convincing if the writer challenges the opposite point of view. In his essay he may show good points from the opposite point of view,but he also shows that his own point of view is better than the opposite point of view.


    Faulty or Sound Logic

    In an argumentative essay, the writer has to be very careful in using logical reasoning. Some reasoning sounds logical but other reasoning sounds illogical.


    Important Vocabulary

    In writing argumentative essays it is good to use certain words or phrases to signal the writer’s main idea.
    Organizing Your Information on an Argumentative

    When you are writing an argumentative essay, start first with thinking what your point of view is, and imagine every possible reason to support your point of view. Second, imagine the opposing point of view and think of every reason why people have that opposing point of view. Third, think of why your reasons are stronger and that your point of view is stronger than the opposing point of view. Fourth, try to organize the information you have already thought about into a clear, concise essay. In writing the essay, try to use persuasion vocabulary terms. Finally, after you have finished your first draft, ask your friend to read and to give comments on your first draft. Then, based on your friend’s comments you can start writing your final draft.


    Writing the Draft

    Writing argumentative essays is an important skill needed in our daily academic life. To write a good argumentative essay, we must be able to present our belief or statement with strong supporting reasons or evidence. The purpose of our argument in our essay is to convince (not to win arguments). We can argue with other people based on logical or emotional persuasion. With logical persuasion we are trying to use logical evidence (facts, statistics, examples), with emotional persuasion we are trying to appeal to the readers’ emotion (using disgust, anger, fear, compassion, excitement, or pity) to convince other people that the position or the belief we are taking is right.

    Sometimes, in our argument, we have to state the opposing argument but we have to convince the readers that our argument is more sound/better than the opposing argument. When we are trying to appeal to logic, we have to make sure that we are using sound (not faulty) reasoning. Some common expressions used in argumentative essays are “In my opinion”, “From my point of view” , “As I see it” , “I think” , I believe”, “I feel”, “I conclude”, etc. .

    The steps in writing an argumentative essay are usually as follows

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